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  • Dominika Kruszyna

Unlocking the Emoji Enigma: Can Responding to Contractual Agreements with Emojis Legally Bind You?

Recently, the Court of King’s Bench in Saskatchewan has held that responding with a 👍 emoji can legally bind an individual to a contract agreement as it informally identifies

the signer and acceptance of a contract. As a result of this informal signage, the court

has ruled that this form of response to a contract falls under Saskatchewan's Sales and Goods Act and is enforceable (South West Terminal Ltd. v Achter Land, 2023).

iPhone emojis on a keyboard

South West Terminal Ltd. v Achter Land

In the case of South West Terminal v. Achter Land, 2023 SKKB 116, the plaintiff stated

that they had messaged the defendant in March 2021 requesting that an order of flax

seeds be delivered in the fall followed by a contract agreement. The defendant responded to the message with a 👍 emoji however, by fall, the order was never received and crop prices had risen (Texting Thumbs-Up Emoji, 2023).

As a result, a court action was brought against Achter Land for not meeting delivery

obligations to a contractual agreement previously made. The court ultimately found the

defendant at fault for breaching the contract and found that a thumbs up emoji is

acknowledged as an informal acceptance as it validates a signature in two ways:

1. Verifies the signor through a cell phone number; and

2. Verifies the agreement of a contract as the thumbs up conveys acceptance

The breach of contract led to approximately $82,000 of damages that the defendant,

Achter Land, had to pay to the plaintiff, South West Terminal Ltd.

Sales and Goods Act of Saskatchewan

The challenge of deciding whether the response to the contract in this case was valid

was dependent on whether the communication between the two parties met section 6,

“When Enforceable By Action” of Saskatchewan’s Sales and Goods Act (“SGA”). Under

the SGA, if an individual has a contract to sell goods worth $50 or greater, there are a

few ways to ensure that the contract may be enforced if there is a problem:

1. The Buyer must accept and receive part of the goods sold, provide a deposit to

show commitment to contract or make a partial payment unless a written

document or note is signed by the individual purchasing;

2. This is applicable to every contract no matter the availability or delivery date of

such goods; and

3. Acceptance of goods occurs when the buyer acknowledges the existence of the

The court ultimately concluded in this case that the contract was signed by both parties

and that it fulfilled the criteria of section 6 of the SGA allowing the plaintiff to enforce the contract.


While convenient and user-friendly for those communicating via text, it is crucial for

individuals to exercise caution when responding to messages that relate to legal

obligations. Emojis, despite their convenience, can carry implicit meanings that may not

be collectively agreed upon by both parties involved. Therefore, it is essential that

individuals be mindful of the potential misunderstandings and conflict they can cause,

especially in the business world.

We strongly recommend that parties seek legal advice when it comes to questions

arising from or relating to contracts, the formation of contracts and the enforceability of

contracts. If you have any questions, please contact us at (604)-736-9791.

Disclaimer: This article is not intended to serve as, or should be construed as legal

advice, and is only to provide general information. Should you require legal advice for

your particular situation, please get in touch with us. The information for this article was

compiled on July 10, 2023. Any updates made to the article can be found at


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